Physical and motor development of early childhood

Aspects of physical development

In early childhood, the child looks slim and towering. They need less sleep than before and are more likely to develop sleep problems. Improved ability to run, jump around, and throw a ball. They have also been able to raise their shoes, draw with crayons, pour the cereal and they begin to show interest in using the right or left hand.

Motor skills

motor development is a physical skill that involves big muscles. The task of physical development is the coordination of body movements, such as running, typing, jumping, hanging, throwing and catching, and maintaining balance. This activity is necessary for improving the co-ordination skills of rough motor movements. In a 4-year-old child, the child is very excited about the challenging physical activities for him, such as jumping from high places or hanging with his head hanging down. At the age of 5 or 6 years the desire to do these activities increases. Children at this time enjoy race events, such as bicycle race, race run or other activities that contain hazards.

Body growth and change

Children grow rapidly at the age of 3-6 years. At the age of 3 years, children generally lose the appearance of a baby, round, and more slender. Abdominal muscles develop, their waist is slimmer. Body, arms, and legs grow longer. The head is still relatively large but the rest of the body continues to adjust to the proportion of a stable body to be like an adult.

The muscles and skeletal bones grow rapidly and strongly. Cartilage becomes harder bone faster, giving the child a permanent form and protecting the internal organs. These changes, coordinated by the developing brain and nervous system, encourage a wide range of development of motor skills. The appearance of breathing capacity and circulation builds physical stamina and is in line with the development of the immune system, helping the child to be healthier.

Fine motor skills

Fine motor skills are physical skills involving small muscles and eye-hand coordination. Like buttoning clothes and drawing. To get those skills, let the child take responsibility for taking care of themselves.
The development of fine motor of kindergarten children is emphasized on the coordination of fine motor movement, in this case, relates to the activity of putting or holding an object by using fingers. At the age of 4 years, the coordination of fine motor movement of the child is very developed, even almost perfect. Nevertheless, this child of age is still having difficulty in arranging the blocks into a building. This is due to the child’s desire to put the beam perfectly so that it sometimes undermines the building itself. At the age of 5 or 6 years, the coordination of fine motor movement develops rapidly. At this time the child has been able to coordinate motion visual motion, such as coordinating eye movements with the hands, arms, and body simultaneously, among others can be seen at the time of writing or drawing children.